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Zakaat is obligatory for every free, sane and adult Muslim who possesses the Nisaab.

1. Cow, buffalo, goat, sheep and camel provided that they are grazed on an open filed for a complete lunar year and the animals are not less than the Nisaab.

2. Gold, silver beside the jewels, which a woman is using, and business stocks when one possesses equal value to the Nisaab for a complete lunar year.

3. Crop and fruit when they reach the Nisaab

The Nisaab of cow or buffalo is at least thirty. When they reach thirty in number, Zakaat will be compulsory. A one year old cow or buffalo is to be given in Zakaat out of thirty cows or buffaloes while a two year old one is to be given out of forty. The same formula will be applied to the rest.(1)

The Nisaab of sheep or goat is at least forty. When there are forty sheep or goats, Zakaat will become compulsory. The detail of Zakaat is as follows:

1. A one or two year-old sheep or goat is to be given in Zakaat out of forty sheep or goats.

2. Two sheep or goats have to be given out of one hundred and twenty one sheep or goats.

3. Three sheep or goats are to be given out of two hundred and one sheep or goats.

4. Four out of four hundred.

5. Over four hundred, one sheep is out of every hundred sheep or goats.

The Nisaab of camel begins from five. Whoever possesses five camels, the Zakaat of camel will be Wajib for him. The detail is as follows:

1. One sheep is to be given in Zakaat for five camels

2. Two for ten

3. Three for fifteen

4. Four for twenty

5. A one year-old camel for twenty five

6. A two year-old camel for thirty six

7. A three year-old camel for forty six

8. A four year-old camel for sixty one

9. Two camels of two year-old for seventy six

10. Two camels of three year-old for ninety one

11. Three camels of two year-old for one hundred and twenty one

12. Over one hundred and twenty one, a two year-old camel is for every forty and a three year-old one is for every fifty

The Nisaab of crops and fruits is one twentieth of total product 1/20 if they are fresh and have been irrigated while the Nisaab of shelled rice is one tenth 1/10.

1. The Nisaab of gold is 20 Mithqaal (1).

2. The Nisaab of silver is 200 hundred Dirhams. (2) It is Wajib to give one fortieth-2.5 of both gold and silver in Zakaah.

If the value of merchandise though out the year reaches the value of either 7.5 Tulah of gold or 52.5 Tulah of silver then 2.5 of the whole merchandise will be given in Zakaat.

1. What is the ruling on Zakaah?

2. What are the objects on which Zakaah is Wajib?

3. What is the Nisaab of cow and buffalo?

4. What is the Nisaab of sheep and goat?

5. What is the Nisaab of camel?

6. What is the Nisaab of crops and fruits?

7. What is the Nisaab of gold and silver?

8. What is the Nisaab of merchandise?

(1) After thirty for every ten cows or buffaloes one year will be added to the age of the cow or buffalo which is to be given in Zakaat e.g. a three year-old cow or buffalo for fifteen, a four year-old one for sixteen and like this the Zakaat of cow or buffalo will be paid.

(1) Equal to 7.5 Tulah = 87.48 grams

(2) Equal to 52.5 Tulah = 612.36 grams

Reference: Umar Abdul Jabbaar - Elements of Shaafi Fiqh

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